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D-Amino Acid Oxidase (DAAO)

    (D-Amino acid: oxygen oxidoreductase (deaminating); EC
    D-Amino acid oxidase catalyzes the oxidation of D-amino acids as shown below:
    RCHNH2COOH + O2 + H2O ------> RCOCOOH + NH3 + H2O2 
    The D isomers of alanine, methionine, valine, isoleucine, phenylalanine and proline serve as good substrates while the L isomers do not react at all. The enzyme is a flavoprotein. D-amino acid oxidase from porcine kidney has been extensively studied. It has a monomeric molecular weight of 38,000-39,000 (Tu, S.C., Edelstein, S.J. and McCormick, D.B., Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 159, 889, 1973)

    D-Amino acid oxidase has several possible applications such as the determination of D-amino acids, the separation of natural L- amino acid isomers from a racemic mixture and in the preparation of keto acids. The usefulness and application of D-amino acid oxidase can be significantly increased if it is available in an immobilized form (Parkin, K. and Hultin, H.O., Biotech. and Bioeng., Vol XXI, 939, 1979).

1.Source: Porcine Kidney
   Form: Ammonium sulfate suspension 
   Solubility: Distilled water or dilute buffer 
   Stability: Store at 4 C (39 F); Do not freeze 
   Activity (approx.): 15-20 U/mg protein 
   Protein (approx.): 10 mg/ml (biuret) 
   Catalog No.: 052B0015 
2.Source: Porcine Kidney
   Form: Freeze-dried powder 
   Solubility: Distilled water or dilute buffer 
   Stability: Store at -20 C (-4 F) 
   Activity (approx.): 15-20 U/mg protein 
   Protein (approx.): 90% (biuret) 
   Catalog No.: 052A0015 

The amount of enzyme that will deaminate by oxidation one micromole of D-alanine to pyruvate per minute at pH 8.3, at 37C in the presence of catalase.

The assay is based on the method described by Bergmeyer (Methods of Enzymatic Analysis, Bergmeyer, H.U. ed. Vol 1, 431, 1974, Academic Press, New York). The decrease in the absorbance at 340 nm, due to the oxidation of NADH, is a measure of D-amino acid oxidase activity.

  1. 0.2 M Tris-HCl buffer, pH 8.3.
  2. 0.02 M D-Alanine (17.8 mg/ml) in buffer.
  3. 0.008 M NADH disodium salt (5 mg/ml) in buffer.
  4. Catalase (200 U/ml) in buffer. Prepare fresh.
  5. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (200 U/ml) in buffer. Prepare fresh.
  6. FAD (Prepare1 mg/ml solution)
  7. D-Amino acid oxidase solution. Dilute in buffer to give a concentration of 0.1-0.5 U/ml. Must be prepared fresh prior to assay.

  1. Set spectrophotometer (equipped with a strip chart recorder and temperature control) at 340 nm and 37C.
  2. Bubble oxygen through the buffer for 5-10 min. to saturate it with oxygen.
  3. In a cuvette, pipette the following reagents in the amounts indicated:
    Tris buffer (oxygenated) 2.00 ml
    D-Alanine 0.50 ml
    NADH 0.10 ml
    Catalase 0.10 ml
    LDH 0.10 ml
    FAD 0.10 ml

    Incubate in spectrophotometer at 37C for 5 min. to attain temperature equilibration. Record absorbance at 340 nm (blank).

  4. Initiate the reaction by adding 0.1 ml D-amino acid oxidase (enzyme) to the cuvette. Follow the reaction by recording the decrease in the absorbance at 340 nm for 5-8 min.
  5. Calculate (delta)E340nm/min

Activity (U/mg) = (ΔE340nm/min)(Total Vol.)(Enz. Diln.)
(6.22)(Enz. Vol.)(mg Enz./ml)

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